It has been getting very hot in the country for some time now. Daytime temperatures hover around 40 degrees Celsius or sometimes even above it. So much temperature creates various problems in our body. Two important problems are dehydration and heat stroke.
The key to dehydration
Dehydration is the process by which the body loses essential water due to the high temperature of the environment. Dehydration results in a deficiency of essential minerals for the body. Dehydration is a serious problem caused by temperature. Dehydration can lead to diarrhea, vomiting and fever; Which often takes a very deadly shape. This type of dehydration is especially prevalent in children and those aged 60 and over.
Causes of dehydration
Normally our body excretes water through sweat, tears, respiration, urine and feces. In the case of a healthy person, dehydration is supplemented by drinking a variety of fluids and food. But when a person becomes ill especially those who have fever, diarrhea or vomiting; In their case dehydration occurs.
It is also caused by being in a place with high temperature or being in the sun. That’s when it happened; When our body’s essential minerals like sodium, potassium, magnesium etc. are excreted from the body. Dehydration is also often caused by diuretics. This is because such drugs absorb fluids and electrolytes from the body. As a result dehydration occurs easily.
There are many symptoms of dehydration. The most important of these are as follows:
Getting extra thirsty
Suffering from doubt when doing any work
Dry mouth and mucous membranes
Increased heart rate and respiratory rate.
However, some additional symptoms may be seen in children, such as-
Dry mouth and throat
No water coming out of the eyes while crying
Diapers do not get wet for a long time
Ways to prevent dehydration
Some precautionary measures play a great role in preventing dehydration. They are highlighted below-
* Drink plenty of water. Especially when you are out in the sun or at work.
* Drink more water than the amount of fluid that is being excreted from the body and eat liquid food.
* Try to do outdoor activities during the colder times of the day or at relatively lower temperatures.
* You can finish the day’s work in the morning and afternoon if you want.
* Drink a variety of fluids, such as coconut water or saline, to maintain electrolyte balance in the body.
* There is a liquid called pediolite available for children, try to get them to drink it.
* Never try to make a drink or salt solution at home.